What Is CBN? How Is It Helpful?
What is CBN? How is it helpful?
If you are a hemp user, you have probably heard about CBD and Delta-9 THC, the two most popular cannabinoids found in hemp plants. But there is more to the hemp plant than CBD and Delta-9 THC as it contains about 116 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. These compounds are unique to hemp and can differ from each other in terms of their effects and benefits.
CBD is going viral worldwide for its natural therapeutic effects and relieving properties. From skincare to food, CBD is being added to almost everything. Although CBD and Delta-9 THC are getting all the attention, there are many other hemp compounds, including CBN, which can help mitigate a range of symptoms and health problems.
Therefore, it is beneficial to learn about different cannabinoids if you want to know exactly how hemp will help and affect you. Here we will help you add more to your hemp knowledge with complete and accurate information about CBN, an emerging cannabinoid on the hemp scene.
What Is Cannabinol (CBN)?
CBN or Cannabinol is a compound naturally present in the hemp plant. It is far less popular than CBD and Delta-9 THC; however, it has made its place in the world of hemp for its unique origins and potent effects. The other reason Cannabinol is not as popular is its low yields from the extraction process, due to it being less prevalent in the plant.
Cannabinol was the first cannabinoid to be identified and isolated by scientists in the late 19th century. This cannabinoid was discovered from Delta-9 THC degradation to CBN due to prolonged and inadequate storage conditions and time. Cannabinol has mild psychoactive properties, though much more than CBD but far less than Delta-9 THC.
According to research, CBN can work as an anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anti-bacterial, and for pain relief. It can help increase appetite and produce beneficial synergistic effects with CBD, Delta-9 THC, and other cannabinoids known as the entourage effect.. Though the potential benefits of this cannabinoid on the human body are yet to be fully explored and studied, the available data is enough to understand the range of CBN’s effects and benefits.
How is CBN formed?
Like many other cannabinoids, CBN originates from CBGA (cannabigerolic acid). It is a metabolite of Delta-9 THC and developed when Delta-9 THC degrades by being exposed to adverse conditions and time. You may find that oxidized or aged hemp flowers are rich in CBN due to this transformation. However, The hemp plant’s CBN content is normally less than 1%, even in aged hemp flower.
Effects of Cannabinol
Many cannabinoids, including CBD and Delta-9 THC, chemically bind with the cannabinoid receptors of our endocannabinoid system to affect our minds and body. The Endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complicated neuronal signaling network that naturally exists in our bodies to regulate various psychological functions such as mood, sleep, appetite, immune response, and pain perception.
The two major types of receptors are CB1 and CB2 receptors; however, many cannabinoids can also interact with other receptors besides CB1 and CB2 receptors.
CBN has a stronger binding affinity for the CB2 receptors than CB1 receptors like Delta-9 THC, its parent molecule. Still, its affinity for CB2 receptors is less than Delta-9 THC’s. Research shows that despite being less potent than Delta-9 THC, CBN acts as an agonist at CB1 Receptors and TRPV2 receptors while producing pain-relieving responses from ECS. It might also prevent the production of other neuronal signaling enzymes.
Potential benefits of CBN
CBN is a non-euphoric compound that is comparatively less popular because of its low content found in hemp. Even though its name bears a striking resemblance with CBD, Cannabinol offers a unique profile of impacts and benefits. The research on Cannabinol is insufficient, with very few studies exhibiting CBN’s effects on the human body. Still, some of the potential benefits of CBN currently being explored in research include
- Pain relief
- Help with sleep disorders
- Promotes bone cells’ growth
- Stimulates appetite
Since CBN does not have psychoactive effects, it is great for individuals who need to medicate themselves without being intoxicated. CBN is often called the “sleepy cannabinoid” and is usually known for its sedative effects, but science does not completely support this claim.
Though CBN is anecdotally known to produce sedative effects, particularly when coupled with Delta-9 THC in hemp Indica strains. A study conducted in the 1970s shows that CBN alone is not sedative, but combining Delta-9 THC can produce sleepiness. It may contribute to sedation via entourage effect with other terpenes and cannabinoids, increasing the overall effectiveness.
How does CBN work with other Cannabinoids?
Though CBN itself is enough to increase the efficacy of a CBD product, it may be beneficial to add CBN with other cannabinoids to achieve the entourage effect. The entourage effect occurs when more of the components of the hemp plant are present, they can then work synergistically to enhance the efficiency of the cannabinoids. You can experience positive results from the entourage effect that is usually attributed to full-spectrum hemp or hemp products.
It is possible to combine multiple cannabinoid-infused products to get the best of the CBD, CBN, CBD and other cannabinoids. However, it is recommended to record your daily cannabinoid intake to understand the best mix and avoid excessive dosage.
How to find CBN products?
CBN is not plentiful in cured or fresh hemp and is mostly found in older or poorly stored hemp that has been exposed to oxygen light and hot days. Still, it’s not efficient to leave your hemp in the open air to get CBN. Fourmile health offers products with isolated CBN, which are great to test how this cannabinoid works for you.
It is not easy to extract CBN as this cannabinoid is only present in small amounts in the hemp plant. Wes offer products with high CBN concentrations in the forms of CBN oils and topicals.
The legal status of CBN
CBN is not listed in the controlled substance schedules of the United States. However, the ever-changing laws on hemp products worldwide are often contradictory, with further complications due to CBN’s being a child molecule of Delta-9 THC, a controlled substance in most states.
Nonetheless, CBN can also be derived from hemp, which is legal in use and cultivated. Still, it is better to get familiar with the local laws before purchasing or possessing CBN, whether in isolated form or as a part of a full-spectrum hemp product.